- The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial forum and final court of appeal under the Constitution of India, the highest constitutional court, with the power of constitutional review.
- It started functioning on Jan 28,1950.Its predecessor was the Federal court of India, which was created as per the Government of India Act 1935.
- Part V (Articles 124-147)of the Constitution deals with the Organisation, Jurisdiction and Powers of the Supreme Court.
- Originally,the Strength of supreme court was 1 Chief Justice & 7 other Judges.
- At Present,1 Chief Justice of India and 30 sanctioned other judges, it has extensive powers in the form of original, appellate and advisory jurisdictions.
Qualification for the Judge of Supreme Court:
- Should be a Citizen of India.
- Should have been a judge of high court for 5 years or an advocate of high court for 10 years.
- Should be a distinguished jurist in the opinion of President.
- The Chief Justice of India & judges of Supreme court are appointed by President.
- Supreme court judges retire at the age of 65.
- He can resign his office by writing to the President.
- He can be removed from his office by the President on the recommendation of Parliament.
- chief justice of supreme court : Rs. 2,80,000
- Supreme Court : Rs. 2,50,000
|Article 124||Establishment and Constitution of Supreme Court|
|Article 125||Salaries of Judges.|
|Article 126||Appointment of acting Chief Justice.|
|Article 127||Appointment of ad hoc judges.|
|Article 128||Attendance of retired Judges at sittings of the Supreme Court.|
|Article 129||Supreme Court to be a court of record.|
|Article 130||Seat of Supreme Court.|
|Article 131||Original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.|
|Article 132||Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in appeals from High Courts in certain cases.|
|Article 133||Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in appeals from High Courts in regard to civil matters.|
|Article 134||Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in regard to criminal matters.|
|Article 134 A||Certificate for appeal to the Supreme Court.|
|Article 135||Jurisdiction and powers of the Federal Court under existing law to be exercisable by the Supreme Court.|
|Article 136||Special leave to appeal by the Supreme Court .|
|Article 137||Review of judgments or orders by the Supreme Court.|
|Article 138||Enlargement of the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.|
|Article 139||Conferment on the Supreme Court of powers to issue certain writs.|
|Article 139 A||Transfer of certain cases.|
|Article 140||Ancillary powers of Supreme Court.|
|Article 141||Law declared by Supreme Court to be binding on all courts.|
|Article 142||Enforcement of decrees and orders of Supreme Court and orders as to discovery, etc.|
|Article 143||Power of President to consult Supreme Court.|
|Article 144||Civil and judicial authorities to act in aid of the Supreme Court .|
|Article 144 A||Special provisions as to disposal of questions relating to constitutional validity of laws (Repealed).|
|Article 145||Rules of court.|
|Article 146||Officers and servants and the expenses of the Supreme Court.|